Archive for ‘Islamic History’

December 11, 2008

Prophet Mohammed (PBUH): A short history


apl½Zv \_n (k) Hcp eLpNcn{Xw

 

 

 

Dr. Iam ]mj M.A. Ph.D

a\pjys\mgn¨v aÁp PohnIsfÃmw P·hmk\s¡m¯v Pohn¡p¶p. Ah F§s\ Pohn¡Wsa¶v t\cs¯ \nÀ®bn¡s¸«ncn¡p¶p. Ah¡v {]IrXym Xs¶ \nÀ®nXamb Hcp PohnXcoXnbpWvSv. AXv Dt]£n¨v asÁmcp PohnXcoXnIWvsS¯mt\m kzoIcn¡mt\m Ah¡v km[yaÃ. a\pjysâ ØnXn AXÃ.Ahsâ PohnXamÀ¤w Ah³ Xs¶ kz´w CÑmiàn D]tbmKn¨p XncsªSpt¡WvSXmWv. AXn\m a\pjy\mWv PohnX¯n amÀ¤ZÀi\w IqSpX Bhiyambn«pÅXv. Ah³ Nn´mioe\mWv. Hmtcm Imcyw sN¿pt¼mgpw GXmWv icn GXmWv sXÁv F¶o Nn´IÄ Ahsâ ap¼nepbcp¶p. AtXt]mse, Cu PnhnX¯n¶p hà AÀ°hpapWvtSm, acWtijw PohnXapWvtSm, FÃmw acWt¯mSp IqSn Ahkm\n¡ptam F¶o tNmZy§fpw Ahs\ Ae«p¶p. Ah¡pÅ D¯cw ]co£W\nco£W§Ä \S¯n IWvSp]nSn¡m\pw Ignbp¶XÃ. {]]©w krjvSn¡pIbpw kwhn[m\n¡pIbpw sNbvX ssZhw, a\pjy¶p thWvSsXÃmw {]IrXnbn kÖoIcn¨ ssZhw, a\pjysâ kp{][m\amb Cu Bhiyw þ PohnXamÀ¤ ZÀi\w þ AhKWn¨n«nÃ. AXpsImWvSmWv BZy a\pjy\pw am\hIpe¯nsâ ]nXmhpamb BZw (A) Xs¶ Hcp {]hmNI\mbXv. AXn¶ptijw Ft¸msgÃmw [À½w £bn¡pIbpw A[À½w hÀ²n¡pIbpw sNbvXpthm, At¸msgÃmw am\hIpe¯n\p amÀ¤ZÀi\w sN¿m³ {]hmNI³amÀ h¶Xmbn \mw Ncn{X¯n ImWp¶p. Hcp {]hmNI³ hcm¯ Hcp kapZmbhpw CXn¶pap¼v Ignªpt]mbn«nà F¶mWv apl½Zv \_n (k) CXns\¡pdn¨v ]dªXv. _m_ntemWnbbn \n¶p e`n¨ Hcp ]pcmX\ IÂNn{X¯n lapdm_n ssZh¯n \n¶pw \nba{KÙw kzoIcn¡p¶Xmbn Nn{XoIcn¨ncn¡p¶p. C´ybnse thZ§Ä ssZh¯nÂ\n¶pw AhXcn¨p In«nbhbmsW¶p hnizkn¡s¸Sp¶p. thZ§Ä¡v A]pcpjy (a\pjy\nÀ½nXaÃm¯Xv), \nXy (Fs¶¶pw \ne\n¡p¶Xv), {ipXn (ssZh¯n \n¶pw tI«Xv) F¶o t]cpIÄ kwkvIrX¯nepWvsS¶Xpw {it²bamWv. {io_p²sâ t]cpXs¶ kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv t_m[\w e`n¨ hyàn F¶mWtÃm. A§ns\ F{Xtbm {]hmNI³amÀ temI¯nsâ hnhn[ `mK§fn ]e ImeL«§fnembn h¶p. tamÊÊpw, {InkvXphpw, apl½Zp\_nbpw ASp¯Ime¯mbn h¶hcmsW¶pam{Xw. ]gb ssZhoIamÀ¤ZÀi\§Ä ]ptcmlnX·mcpsS sh«n¯ncp¯epIÄ¡pw Iq«n¡pd¡epIÄ¡pw hnt[bambt¸mgmWv ]et¸mgpw ]pXnb {]hmNI³amÀ h¶Xv. {]hmNI]c¼cbnse Ahkm\s¯ I®nbmWv apl½Zp\_n (k).

Atd_ybnse Hcp {]apJ IpSpw_amb JpssdinIfn s]« A_vZp ap¯en_nsâ aI³ A_vZpÃmbpsS aI\mbn {InkvXzm_vZw 571þ apl½Zp\_n (k)P\n¨p. P\\¯n\pap¼pXs¶ ]nXmhv acn¨ncp¶p. ]n¶oSv At±lw A_vZp ap¯zen_nsâ kwc£W¯nemWv hfÀ¶Xv _me\mbncns¡Xs¶ A_vZpÂap¯zen_pw acWaSªp. ]n¶oSt±lw ]nXrktlmZc\mb A_qXzmen_nsâ kwc£W¯n hfÀ¶p. \njv¡f¦ambncp¶p B _mesâ kz`mhw. B _me\pambn _Ôs¸«hscÃmw B _mes\ kvt\ln¡pIbpw, _lpam\n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Ft¸mgpw kXy¯n¶pthWvSn \nesImWvS B _me³ A Aao³ AYhm hnizkvX³ F¶ A]c\ma¯m Adnbs¸«p. bphmhmbncns¡ At±lw hym]mc¯nteÀs¸«ncp¶p. At±lhpambn Iq«pI¨hSw sNbvX ssJkv, At±lt¯¡mÄ \à HcpIq«pImcs\ I¨hS¯n\v X\n¡v e`n¨n«nsöv {]kvXmhn¡p¶p.

JZoP a¡bnse Hcp hÀ¯I {]apJbmbncp¶p. AhÀ apl½Znsâ hnizkvXXsb¡pdn¨p tI«ncp¶p. AXpsImWvSv AhÀ kndnbbn hn¡m\pÅ IptdNc¡pIÄ At±ls¯ G¸n¨p. At±lw Xs¶ GÂ]n¨ Imcyw `wKnbmbn \nÀÆln¨p. apl½Zv \_n (k) bpsS BßmÀ°Xbpw hnizkvXXbpw JZoPbn aXn¸pfhm¡n. AXp hn[hbmb Ahsc apl½Zpambn hnhmlmtemN\ \S¯m³ t{]cn¸n¨p. ]nXrhysâ A\p{KlminÊpItfmsS apl½Zpw JZoPbpw X½nepÅ hnhmlw \S¶p. AhÀ Hcp amXrImZm¼XyPohnXamWv \bn¨Xv. JZoP FÃmbvt¸mgpw apl½Zn\v Hcp XWembncp¶p. hnjathfIfn Ahct±l¯n¶v Bizmkambn. ]n¡me¯v apl½Zp\_n (k) CÉmanI {]t_m[\w Bcw`n¨t¸mÄ BZyambn hnizkn¨Xpw Ahcmbncp¶p.

At±lw ]et¸mgpw ASp¯p Xs¶bpÅ lndm Kplbn t]mbn [ym\n¨ncn¡mdpWvSmbncp¶p. At±l¯n¶p \mÂ]Xp hbÊmbn¡gnªncp¶p. Hcp Znhkw At±lw {]mÀ°\m\ncX\mbncns¡ Pn{_n F¶ ae¡v {]Xy£s¸«p At±ls¯ BtÇjn¡pIbpw A\´cw ssZhnImÚ {]Imcw “hmbn¡pI’ F¶v IÂ]n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. {]hmNI³ X\n¡p hmbn¡m\dnbnsöv adp]Sn ]dªp. At¸mÄ hoWvSpw “krjvSn¨ \nsâ c£nXmhnsâ \ma¯n hmbn¡pI. a\pjys\ tNmc¡«bn \n¶pah³ krjvSn¨p. t]\sImWvSv (Fgp¯p) ]Tn¸n¨ncn¡p¶ AXypZmc\mWp \nsâ c£nXmhv. a\pjy\p AdnhnÃm¯Xp a\pjys\ Ah³ ]Tn¸n¨p’ (JpÀB³ 96:1þ5) F¶v BÚm]n¡s¸«p. AXp ssZhoI ktµi§fpsS XpS¡ambncp¶p. ]n¶oSv AXpt]msebpÅ ssZhoIhN\§Ä {]hmNI¶p ]et¸mgmbn AhXcn¸n¡s¸«p. AhbpsS kamlmcamWv JpÀB³. AXp{]hmNI hN\§fÃ. IeÀ¸nÃm¯ ssZhoI hN\§Ä Xs¶bmWh.

`bs¸«p hnd¨psImWvSv apl½Zv ho«ntet¡mSn aqSn¸pX¨p InS¶p. At¸mÄ hoWvSpw B i_vZw At±lt¯mSmÚm]n¨p.Hm hkv{Xw sImWvSp aqSn¸pX¨p InS¡p¶ht\, Fgpt¶Â¡pI. F¶n«v (Zpjn¨ \S]SnIsf¡pdn¨p a\pjyÀ¡p) Xm¡oXp \ÂIpI, \nsâ c£nXmhnsâ alXzs¯ {]IoÀ¯n¡pI, \nsâ hkv{X§Ä ip²oIcn¡pI, Aip²nsb hn«v AI¶p \n¡pI, em`w t\Sm³ thWvSn HuZmcyw sN¿cpXv. \nsâ \mY¶p thWvSn £a ssIs¡mÅpI, Imlf¯n DuXn¡gnªm (temImhkm\w h¶pIgnªmÂ) AXv, B Znhkw kXy\ntj[nIÄ¡p hfsc sRcp¡apÅXpw eLphÃm¯Xpamb Hcp Znhkambncn¡pw.’ (JpÀB³ 74: 1þ10)

A§ns\ apl½Zp\_n (k) sb P\§sf D²cn¡m\pw Xm¡oXp \ÂIm\pw ssZhw \ntbmKn¨p. At±lw {]hmNI\mbn. {]hmNI\mbn \ntbmKn¡s¸« tijw At±lw {]t_m[\w Bcw`n¨p. apl½Zv \_n (k) bpsS BßmÀ°Xbn ASp¯dnbp¶hÀ¡mÀ¡pw kwibapWvSmbncp¶nÃ. BZyambn JZoP At±l¯nsâ ktµiw kzoIcn¨p. A[nIw XmaknbmsX Aen, A_q_¡À, Dkvam³,A_vZpdÒm³, kAvZv, kpss_À, XÂlm F¶nhcpw “apl½Zp \_n (k) ssZh¯nsâ ZqX\pw ASnabpamsW¶v‘ hnizkn¨p.

]n¶nSt±l¯n\v ]ckyambn aX{]t_m[\amcw`n¡m³ \nÀt±iw e`n¨p. At¸mÄ At±lw a¡¡p sXm«pÅ k^m F¶ Ip¶n Ibdn \n¶p sImWvSv P\§sf hnfn¨pIq«n. Rm³, Cu aebpsS A¸pd¯v \n§sf B{Ian¡m³ Hcp i{Xp ssk\yw X¿mdmbn \nÂ]pWvSv F¶p ]dªm \n§Ä hnizkn¡bntÃ? F¶p tNmZn¨p. \n§Ä Ifhp ]dªXmbn R§Ä¡dnbnÃ’ AhÀ D¯cw ]dªp. At¸mÄ At±lw ]dªp. Rm³ \n§Ä¡v Xm¡oXp \ÂIp¶p. F\n¡v ssZh¯nÂ\n¶pw Hcp ktµiw e`n¨ncn¡p¶p. Hcp `bm\Iamb in£sb¡pdn¨v ap¶dnbn¸v \ÂIp¶h\mbmWv Rm³ h¶n«pÅXv. F\n¡v Cu temI¯v \n§sf kwc£n¡m³ IgnbpIbnÃ. acWm\´c PohnX¯nepw \n§Ä¡v kwc£Ww hmKvZ¯w sN¿m³ F\n¡v IgnbnÃ. bYmÀ° ssZhaÃmsX aÁp ssZh§fnà F¶v \n§Ä hnizkn¨meÃmsX CXp tI«t¸mÄ CXp ]dbm\mtWm \o R§sf hnfn¨Xv F¶pw ]dªhÀ ]ncnªpt]mbn.

apl½Zp\_n (k) Xsâ ZuXyw XpSÀ¶psImWvSncp¶p. ]ecpw CÉmw kzoIcn¨p. a¡bnse {][m\nIÄ¡v CsXmcp XethZ\bmbn. AhÀ D¯v_¯v F¶ t\Xmhns\ apl½Znsâ ASpt¯¡b¨p. D¯v_¯v apl½Zp\_n (k)sb kao]n¨p ]dªp. \n§Ä¡p `cWm[nImcnbmhm\mWv B{Klsa¦n \n§sf R§Ä `cWm[nImcnbm¡mw. \n§Äs¡mcp [\nI\mIm\mWv B{Klsa¦n \n§sf R§fn sht¨Áhpw henb [\nI\m¡mw, GsX¦nepw kv{Xosb hnhmlw Ign¡m\mWv B{Klsa¦n R§Ä AXpw \S¯n¯cmw. Cu ]pXnb {]Øm\w Dt]£n¨m am{Xw aXn. AXn\p adp]Snbmbn {]hmNI³ Cu JpÀB³ hmIy§Ä D²cn¡pIbmWv sNbvXXv. “]dbpI, XoÀ¨bmbpw Rm³ \n§sft¸mepÅ Hcp a\pjy³ am{XamWv. \n§fpsS ssZhw Htcsbmcp ssZhw am{XamsW¶v F¶nte¡v t_m[\w \ÂIs¸«ncn¡p¶p. AXpsImWvSv Ah¦te¡v t\Àhgn t]mIphn³. Aht\mSp ]¦ptNÀ¡p¶ _lpssZhhnizmknIÄ¡v \miw.’ (JpÀB³ 41:6). asÁmchkc¯n {]hmNI³ hyàam¡n. AÃmlphmtW, Fsâ hewssI¿n kqcyt\bpw CS¦¿n N{µt\bpw sh¨p X¶n«v Cu {]Øm\apt]£n¡m³ Ahsct¶mSp Bhiys¸«m t]mepw Rm\Xp sN¿nÃ. H¶pIn AÃmlp Cu aXs¯ hnPbn¸n¡pI. Asæn Cu {]Øm\w hnPbn¸n¡m³ thWvSnbpÅ ]cn{ia at²y Rm³ acWaSbpw CXv cWvSnsem¶v kw`hn¡pw htc¡pw ]n·mdp¶ {]iv\ta CÃ.

apÉo§fpsS F®w hÀ²n¨psImWvSncp¶p. apl½Zv \_n (k) bpsS ZuXyw kzoIcn¨hÀ, apÉow§Ä AYhm ssZh¯n\v ]qÀ®ambn Iogvs¸«hÀ F¶ t]cnemWv Adnbs¸«Xv. AhcpsS aX¯n\v ssZh¯n\pÅ ]qÀ®amb hnt[bXzw F¶À°apÅ “CÉmw’ F¶pw ]dbp¶p. apl½ZobÀ F¶pw apl½Zp aXw F¶pw ]dbp¶Xv sXÁmWv. BZys¯ a\pjy\mb BZw (A) Hcp {]hmNI\pw IqSnbmbncp¶p. At±lw apX A´y{]hmNI\mb apl½Zv \_n (k) hsc e£¡W¡n\pÅ {]hmNI³amÀ {]t_m[\w sNbvX aX kn²m´§Ä H¶pXs¶bmbncp¶p. AhscÃmw {]t_m[\w sNbvX aX¯nsâ t]cmWv CÉmw. CÉmwaX Øm]I³ apl½Zv \_n (k) AÃ. At±lw Ahkm\ {]hmNI³ am{XamWv. {]hmNI³amÀ X½n hyXymkw I¸n¡mXncn¡m³ apÉow§Ä BÚm]n¡s¸«ncn¡p¶p. (Jp. 2:285)

apÉo§fpsS F®w hÀ²n¡p¶Xv IWvSt¸mÄ a¡bnse AapÉow {][m\nIÄ¡v Acniw hÀ²n¨p. AhÀ {]hmNIt\bpw A\pbmbnItfbpw aÀ±n¡m³XpS§n. {]hmNI³ \S¡p¶ hgnbn apÅpIÄ hnXdn, Nfnbpw Noª hkvXp¡fpw At±l¯nsâ tasednªp. apÉowIsf Np«p]gp¯ aWen aeÀ¯n¡nS¯n, s\©n ]md¡ÃpIÄ IbÁnsh¨p. Nnesc Nm« sImWvSSn¨p. aÀ±\w kln¡h¿mXmbt¸mÄ {]hmNI³ Xsâ Nne A\pbmbnItfmSv A_vko\nb (FtXym]y) bnte¡v ]memb\w sN¿m³ \nÀt±in¨p. A¶v FtXym]ybn Hcp {InkvXy³ cmPmhmb s\Kkv (\Ömin) BWv `cn¨ncp¶Xv. A§s\ {]hmNIZuXy¯nsâ 5þmw hÀjw 11 ]pcpj·mcpw 4 kv{XoIfpw AS§p¶ Hcp kwLw FtXym]ybnte¡v ]memb\w sNbvXp.

apÉnwIÄ ]memb\w sNbvXXdnª a¡³ {][m\nIÄ Hcp ZuXy kwLs¯ FtXym]ybnse cmPmhnsâ ASp¡te¡b¨p. AhÀ cmPmhns\ kao]n¨v X§fn \n¶pw HmSnt¸m¶ ASnaIfmWv apÉnwIÄ F¶pw Ahsc X§Ä¡v hn«pXcWsa¶pw At]£n¨p. cmPmhnsâ ap¶n lmPcm¡s¸« apÉnwIÄ C§s\ t_m[n¸n¨p. “cmPmth, R§Ä AÚXbnembncp¶p. hn{Klmcm[\bnepw A[À½ PohnX¯nepw apgpIn Pohn¡pIbmbncp¶p R§Ä. R§fn iànbpÅhÀ iàn Ipdªhsc t{Zmln¨p. R§Ä IÅw ]dbmdpWvSmbncp¶p. AXnYnacymZ R§Ä ]men¨ncp¶nÃ. A§s\bncns¡, R§fn Hcp {]hmNI³ h¶p. sNdp¸w apXte At±l¯nsâ kz`mhs¯¡pdn¨pw [mÀ½nI PohnXs¯¡pdn¨pw R§Ä¡v \¶mbdnbmambncp¶p. R§ft±l¯n hnizkn¡pIbpw At±ls¯ A\pKan¡pIbpw sNbvXp. F¶m R§fpsS \m«pImÀ R§sf aÀ±n¡pIbpw R§fpsS aXs¯ Dt]£n¡phm³ \nÀ_Ôn¡pIbpw sNbvXp.’ CXp tI«t¸mÄ cmPmhv apÉnwIfpsS Imcy¯n XÂ]c\mhpIbpw AhÀ¡v e`n¨psh¶v ]dbp¶ thZ¯nsâ Nne `mK§Ä tIĸn¡m³ Bhiys¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. apÉnwIfnÂs¸« PAv^À JpÀB\nse Hc²ymbw hmbn¨p tIĸn¨p. cmPmhv, FtXym]ybn Xmakn¨psImÅm³ Ahsc A\phZn¨p. A[nIw Ignbp¶Xn\pap¼v asÁmcp kwLw IqSn FtXym]ybnte¡v ]memb\w sNbvXp. B kwL¯n 101 t]cpWvSmbncp¶p. AXn 18 kv{XoIfmbncp¶p.

apÉowIfpsS AwKkwJy A\pZn\w hÀ²n¨p sImWvSncp¶Xv a¡³ {][m\nIsf Atemkcs¸Sp¯n. AhÀ H¶mbn kt½fn¨v {]hmNIsâ IpSpw_¯ns¶Xncn D]tcm[w GÀs¸Sp¯m³ \nÝbn¨p. AhÀ¡v [m\y§tfm, aÁhiykm[\§tfm \ÂIm³ ]mSnsöv Xocpam\n¨p. CXv {]hmNIsâ IpSpw_s¯ hfscb[nIw hnjan¸n¨p. Cu AhØ GXmWvSv aq¶psImÃw XpSÀ¶p. {]hmNI ZuXy¯nsâ ]¯mw hÀj¯n AapÉowIfnÂs¸« Nne sNdp¸¡mÀ Xs¶ a\pjyXzlo\amb Cu D]tcm[w ]n³hen¡m³ t\Xm¡³amsc \nÀ_Ôn¨p. A§s\ D]tcm[w \o§n. AtX hÀjw Xs¶ JZoPbpw ]nXrhy³ A_pXzmen_pw A´cn¨p. apÉowIÄs¡XnscbpÅ aÀ±\w XpSÀ¶psImWvSncp¶p. ASp¯ Hcp \Kcamb XzmC^nse P\§Ä CÉmw kzoIcnt¨¡psa¶ {]Xo£bn {]hmNI³ At§m«pt]mbn. F¶m AhnsSbpÅ P\§Ä At±ls¯ Iq¡n hnfn¡pIbpw IsÃdnªpsImWvSv D]{Zhn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. {]hmNI³ a¡bnte¡pXs¶ aS§n.

a¡bn Hcp DÕhw \S¡mdpWvSmbncp¶p. B DÕh¯n\v kao]{]tZi§fn \n¶v BfpIÄ hcmdpWvSmbncp¶p. A§s\ hcp¶ P\§tfmSv {]hmNI³ ssZhw GI\msW¶pw, Ahs\ am{Xta Bcm[n¡mhq F¶pw acWm\´cw Cu temIs¯ {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡\pkcn¨v c£m in£IÄ \ÂIs¸Spsa¶pw D]tZin¨p sImWvSncp¶p. bkvcn_nÂ(aZo\) \n¶pw h¶ NneÀ {]hmNIsâ kw`mjW¯n BIrjvScmIpIbpw X§fn\n ssZh¯nsâ A[nImcmhImi§fn Bscbpw ]¦p tNÀ¡pIbnsöpw, X§fn\n hy`nNcn¡pItbm, Ifhp\S¯pItbm, Ipªp§sf sImÃpItbm, ]cZqjWw ]dbpItbm, IÅhmÀ¯IÄ {]Ncn¸n¡pItbm sN¿pIbnsöpw, kpJZpxJ§fnseÃmw {]hmNIs\ A\pkcn¨v sImWvSv Pohn¡psa¶pw {]XnÚ sNbvXp. AhÀ ]{´WvSv t]À DWvSmbncp¶p.

Cu ImeL«¯n Hcp cm{Xnbn AÃmlp {]hmNIs\ Xsâ k¶n[m\¯nte¡pbÀ¯n. CXns\ CÉmansâ kmt¦XnI `mjbn anAvdmPv F¶p ]dbp¶p. Cu Ahkc¯nemWv apÉowIÄ Zn\w{]Xn A©p{]mhiyw \akvIcn¡Wsa¶v AÃmlp BÚm]n¨Xv. ASp¯sImÃw bkvcn_nÂ\n¶pw Fgp]¯naq¶pt]À DÕhthfbn a¡bn hcnIbpw ssZhs¯bpw {]hmNIt\bpw A\pkcn¨v Pohn¡msa¶v {]XnÚsbSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. AhÀ {]hmNIs\ X§fpsS ]«W¯nte¡v £Wn¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

CÉmansâ kzm[o\w hÀ²n¡p¶Xp IWvSv hndfn ]qWvS a¡³ t\Xm¡Ä aÀ±\¯n\v cq£X hÀ²n¸n¡pIbpw {]hmNIs\ h[n¡m³ ]cn]mSnbnSpIbpw sNbvXp. aÀ±\w kln¡h¿mXmbt¸mÄ {]hmNI³ Xsâ A\pbmbnItfmSv bkvcn_nte¡v ]memb\w sN¿m³ \nÀt±in¨p. {]hmNIs\ h[n¡phm³ a¡³ {][m\nIÄ ]cn]mSnbn«v hoSphfª Znhkw cm{Xn ssZhoI I¸\{]Imcw {]hmNI³ Xâ i¿bn ]nXrhy]p{X\pw CÉmanI {]hÀ¯I\pamb AentbmSp InS¡m³ \nÀt±in¨ tijw Xsâ k´XklNmcnbmb A_q_¡tdmsSm¸w bkvcn_nte¡v bm{X Xncn¨p. ]I kab¯v kuÀ F¶ Kplbn AhÀ A`bw tXSn. {]hmNI³ c£s¸«p F¶dnªp a¡bnse {][m\nIÄ {]hmNIs\t¯Sn ]e `mKt¯¡pw BÄ¡msc ]dªb¨p. Ahcnsemcp kwLw {]hmNI\pw A_q_¡dpw Hfn¨ncn¡p¶ KplmapJs¯¯ns¸«p. AXpIWvSp A_q_¡À `b¶p. {]hmNI³ At±ls¯ km´z\s¸Sp¯n. “`bs¸tSWvS, ssZhw \½psS IqsSbpWvSv’ Jpssdin {]apJÀ {]hmNIs\ ImWmsX Xncn¨pt]mbn. AhÀ cWvSpt]cpw bkvcn_nte¡v bm{X XpSÀ¶p.

bkvcn_n {]hmNI\v lmÀ±hamb kzoIcWamWv e`n¨Xv. \_n (k) bkvcn_nse¯nbtXmsS CÉmanI kaql¯n\v Hcp \ho\ cq]w ssIh¶p. Hcp amXrImcmjv{Sw sI«n¸Sp¡pIbmWv \_n (k) AhnsS sNbvXXv. Hcp \nba{KÙhpw Hcp t\XrXzhpw Hcp ssZh¯nepÅ hnizmkhpw \ÂIns¡mWvSv apÉowIsf At±lw GIoIcn¨p. aZo\mhmknIÄ¡v Hcp ]pXp\maw At±lw \ÂIn. A³kmdpIÄ AYhm klmbnIÄ. a¡bn \n¶v h¶hÀ almPndpIÄ AYhm A`bmÀ°nIÄ F¶ t]cnednbs¸«p. kXyhnizmknIÄ ktlmZc³amcmWv F¶ JpÀB³ hmIyw D²cn¨psImWvSv {]hmNI³ A³kmdpIsfbpw aplmPndpIsfbpw H¶n¸n¨p. A³kmdpIfpw aplmPndpIfpw X½nepÅ kvt\l_Ôw ktlmZc³amÀ X½nepÅXnt\¡mÄ kpZrVambncp¶p. ImcWw AXv AÃmlphn¶p thWvSnbpÅ kvt\lambncp¶p. A³kmdpIÄ A`bmÀ°nIsf X§fpsS hoSpIfnse AwK§fmbn kzoIcn¡pIbpw AhÀ¡pthWvSn klmbklIcW§Ä sN¿pIbpw sNbvXp. ]e aZo\ \nhmknIfpw X§fpsS kz¯n ]IpXn a¡bnÂ\n¶p h¶hÀ¡p sImSp¯p. AhcpsS Irjnbnepw I¨hS¯nepw aqlmPndpIsf ]¦mfnIfm¡n. aplmPndpIfpw A³kmdpIfpw CgpInt¨À¶psImWvSpÅ kpJZpxJ§Ä ]¦ns«Sp¯psImWvSpÅ B PohnXw Ncn{X¯n XpeyXbnÃm¯XmWv. CXns\¡pdn¨v JpÀB³ ]dbp¶p. “(a¡bn \n¶v lnPvd t]mbhÀ¡v) hoSpw kXyhnizmkhpw, AhÀ F¯pw ap¼pXs¶ Hcp¡nsh¨hcmhs«, AhcpsS ASp¡te¡v kztZiw shSnªpsNÃp¶hsc kvt\ln¡p¶p. lnPvd t]mbhÀ¡v e`n¡p¶ [\s¯ kw_Ôn¨p a\Ên bmsXmcm{Khpw AhÀ¡v tXm¶nbncp¶panÃ. (am{XaÃ) AhÀ¡v km¼¯nI t¢iapWvsS¦n t]mepw X§tf¡mÄ (aplmPndpIÄ¡v) AhÀ ap³KW\ IÂ]n¡p¶p. a\Ênsâ ]nip¡nÂ\n¶pw AXym{Kl¯nÂ\n¶pw hÃhcpw kpc£nXcmbm AhÀ Xs¶bmWv hnPbnIÄ’ (JpÀB³ 59 : 9)

aZo\bn F¯nbtijw {]hmNI³ BZyambn sNbvXXv Hcp tI{µw \nÀ½n¡pI F¶Xmbncp¶p. At±lw aZo\bn Hcp ]Ån Øm]n¨p. AXp Xs¶bmbncp¶p ]pXnb CÉmanI cmjv{S¯nsâ tI{µhpw. CÉmanI cmjv{S¯nsâ sk{I«dntbÁpw tImSXnbpw A`bmÀ°nIfpsS tI{µhpw FÃmw AXp Xs¶bmbncp¶p. tI{µw Øm]n¨tijw AXnsâ `{ZX {]hmNI³ Dd¸phcp¯n. B`y´c kam[m\hpw cmPyc£bpw Dd¸phcp¯p¶ Hcp DS¼Sn {]hmNI\pWvSm¡n. apÉnwIfpw AapÉnwIfpamb aZo\bnepw aZo\¡p NpÁpapÅ FÃm tKm{X§Ä¡nSbnepw kam[m\]camb klhÀ¯nXzw t\SnsbSp¡pI F¶Xmbncp¶p DS¼SnbpsS e£yw. Xpeyamb AhImi§fpsSbpw _m[yXIfpsSbpw ASnØm\¯nepÅ B DS¼Snbn PpX tKm{X§fpw AapÉnw tKm{X§fpw H¸psh¡m³ HuÂkpIyw ImWn¨p. `cWm[nImcn `cWobÀ¡v sImSp¯ FgpXs¸« `cWLS\ F¶ \ne¡v cmjv{SX{´Ú³amÀ CXn\v {]m[m\yw IÂ]n¡p¶p. hneywaqÀ FgpXp¶p. Cu DS¼Sn At±l¯n DÄsImWvS alXzw hyàam¡p¶p. At±l¯nsâ ImeL«¯nse am{XaÃ, FÃm bpK§fnsebpw Hcp almßmhmbncp¶p At±lw. \Pvdm\nse {InkvXym\nIfpw {]hmNI\pambn DS¼SnbnteÀs¸«p. aZo\bn cq]wsImWvSXv {]hmNIsâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ HcmZÀi cmjv{Sambncp¶p. ssZthXc§fmb FÃm ASna¯¨§eIfnÂ\n¶pw a\pjys\ tamNn¨mWv {]hmNI³ `cWw \S¯nbncp¶Xv. A§ns\ sN¿Wsa¶v JpÀB\nsâ \nÀt±iapWvSmbncp¶p. knhn {Inan\ \nba§fpw JpÀB³ \ÂInbncp¶p. CÉmanI ho£W¯n kz¯v kaql¯n NpÁn¯ncnªpsImWvSncn¡Ww. AXvsImWvSv ‘k¡m¯v’ F¶ t]cn ]WambpÅ kz¯nsâ 2.5% Dw ImÀjnI hcpam\¯nsâ 10% Dw Zcn{Zhn`mK§fn am{Xw Hmtcm hÀjhpw hnXcWw sN¿s¸«p. AXns\ Zcn{ZcpsS AhImiw F¶mWv JpÀB³ hntijn¸n¨Xv. AXvt]mse sXmgnÂclnXÀ¡pw Zcn{ZÀ¡pw s]mXpJP\mhn AhImiapWvsS¶pw AhcpsS kwc£Ww Kh¬saânsâ _m²yXbmsW¶pw `cWIqSw AwKoIcn ‘Hm \_o a\pjytcmSp ]dbpI. (BcpsS Xr]vXn e£yw sh¨psImWvSv R§Ä Pohn¡p¶pthm) Ah³, AÃmlp, GI\mWv. (kÀÆNcmNc§Ä¡pw) A`bw \ÂIp¶h\pw, BcpsSbpw B{ibw BhiyanÃm¯h\pambn \nesImÅp¶h³ AÃmlp am{XamIp¶p. Ah\v k´m\w P\n¨n«nÃ. Ah³ BcptSbpw k´m\hpaÃ. (Npcp¡¯nÂ) Ah¶p Xpeyambn BcpwXs¶ CÃ.’ (JpÀB³ 112 : 1þ4)

apl½Zv\_n (k) ssZhZqX\pw Zmk\pamsW¶v km£yw hln¡pI F¶XpsImWvSv Dt±iw apl½Zp\_n (k) ImWn¨p X¶ coXnbn Pohn¡pI F¶XmWv. {]hmNI³ ]dª Imcy§fn hnizkn¡pIbpw thWw. {]hmNI³, temI¯ns\mc´yapWvsS¶pw AXn\ptijw Cu temIPohnXs¯¡pdn¨v ssZhw IW¡p tNmZn¡psa¶pw ssZhs¯ Adnªv A\pkcn¨hÀ¡v kzÀ¤hpw, [n¡cn¨hÀ¡v ITn\amb \cIhpw e`n¡psa¶pw ]dªXp hnizkn¡pIbpw thWw. (2) A©p{]mhiyw \akvIcn¡pI. (3) \nÀ_ÔZm\w (4) dafm³ amkw apgph³ {hXa\pjvTn¡pI. (5) IgnhpÅhÀ a¡bn t]mbn lÖv \nÀhln¡pI. apl½Zp\_n(k) Xm³ Hcp a\pjy³ am{XamsW¶pw {]hmNI\pw a\pjy\pamb tbiphn\p ssZhoIXzw I¸n¨ t]mse X\n¡mcpw ssZhoIXzw I¸n¡cpsX¶pw Xd¸n¨p ]dªncp¶p.

]pXpXmbn cq]w sImWvS CÉmanI kaqls¯bpw cmjv{Ss¯bpw \ne\n¡m³ a¡³ {][m\nIÄ A\phZn¡pIbnà F¶v hyàambncp¶p. AhÀ¡v apl½Zn\`bw \ÂInb bkvcn_v (aZo\) \nhmknItfmSv ISp¯ AaÀjw DWvSmbncp¶p. AhÀ CS¡nS¡v aZo\ \nhmknIsf ieys¸Sp¯nsImWvSncp¶p. BbnsS kndnbbnÂ\n¶pw aS§p¶ Hcp Atd_y³ I¨hSkwLs¯ apl½Zpw Iq«pImcpw B{Ian¡m³ ]cn]mSnbn«n«pWvSv Fs¶mcp hmÀ¯ a¡bn ]c¶p. A§ns\bpWvsS¦n AXp XSbm\pw aZo\¡msc Hcp ]mTw ]Tn¸n¡m\pw a¡³ \nhmknIÄ Hcp§n. AhÀ 1000 Bbp[[mcnIsf Hcp¡n h¼n¨ k¶ml§tfmsS aZo\bpsS `mKt¯¡p Xncn¨p. B hmÀ¯ Adnª {]hmNI³ aZo\bn sh¨pÅ Hcp kwL«\w Hgnhm¡m³ aZo\¡p ]pdt¯¡p h¶p. At±l¯nsâ IqsS 313 t]sc DWvSmbncp¶pÅp. At±l¯n\p shdpw 2 IpXncIfpw 70 H«I§fpamWpWvSmbncp¶Xv. km[mcWKXnbn apÉn§Ä ]cmPbs¸Spsa¶v XoÀ¨bmbncp¶p. F¶m FÃmw ssZh¯neÀ¸n¨v cWm¦W¯nend§nb apÉowIÄ hnPbn¨p. XShpImcmbn ]nSn¨hsc tamN\ aqeyw hm§n hn«b¨p. tamN\aqeyw \ÂIm³ Ignbm¯hÀ¡v aZo\bnse 10 t]sc Fgp¯pw hmb\bpw ]Tn¸n¡pI F¶ tamN\aqeyw \nÝbn¨p. ssZhklmbwsImWvSmWv _Zdn Pbn¨sX¶v apÉowIÄ hnizkn¨p. kXyhpw AkXyhpw X½nepÅ kac¯n AwKkwJy Hcp {]iv\aà F¶v Hcn¡Â IqSn Ncn{Xw sXfnbn¨p. _Zdn\p tijhpw a¡³ {][m\nIÄ aZo\sb B{Ian¨p IogS¡m³ ]eXhW {ians¨¦nepw AhÀ hnPbn¨nÃ.

{]hmNI³ aZo\bnse¯nbXnsâ 6þmw hÀjw XoÀ°mS\¯n\p a¡bnse tZhmeb¯nte¡v ]pds¸«p. bp²w \njn²amsW¶v Ad_nIÄ hnizkn¡p¶ amk¯nembncp¶p kw`hw. {]hmNI\p bp²w sN¿m\pÅ ]cn]mSn Cà F¶dnªn«pw {]hmNIs\ a¡bnte¡p {]thin¡m³ k½Xn¨nÃ. ZqX³amÀ ]ckv]cw _Ôs¸«Xnsâ ^eambn Ahkm\w Hcp kÔnbpWvSm¡n. kÔn {]YaZrjvSym apÉnwIÄ¡p A\pIqeaÃmbncp¶p. {]hmNI³ hn«phogvN sN¿pIbmWv sNbvXXv. apÉnwIÄ B sImÃw tZhmebw kµÀin¡msX aS§Wsa¶pw ASp¯ sImÃw kµÀin¡msa¶pw a¡¡mcn Bsc¦nepw t\Xm¡·mcpsS k½Xw IqSmsX aZo\bn h¶m Ahsc Xncn¨b¡Wsa¶pw aZo\bn \n¶pw Bsc¦nepw a¡bn h¶m Xncn¨b¡nà F¶pambncp¶p DS¼Snbnse {][m\ \n_Ô\IÄ. ASp¯ 10 hÀjt¯¡v ]ckv]cw bp²w sN¿pIbnsöpw lpssZ_nb kÔn F¶ t]cnednbs¸Sp¶ Cu DS¼SnbnepWvSmbncp¶p.lqssZ_nb kÔn¡p tijw e`n¨ kam[m\m´co£¯n {]hmNI³ t]Àjym, tdmw, CuPn]vXv, kndnb, ba³ XpS§nb cmPy§fnse cmPm¡³amÀ¡v CÉmante¡v £Wn¨psImWvSv I¯pIfb¨p. NneÀ AXp kzoIcn¨p.

lnPvd 8þmw hÀjw a¡bnse JpssdinIÄ lpssZ_nb DS¼Sn ewLn¨p. {]hmNIsâ Iq«¯nepÅ _\qJpÊ tKm{Xs¯ B{Ian¨p. At¸mÄ {]hmNI ³ a¡bnse {][m\nItfmSv _\pJpÊ tKm{X¯n\v \jvS]cnlmcw \ÂImt\m Asæn lpssZ_nbm DS¼Sn d±v sN¿mt\m Bhiys¸«p. a¡bnse {][m\nIÄ cWvSmas¯ amÀ¤amWv kzoIcn¨Xv. At¸mÄ {]hmNI³ ]Xn\mbncw A\pbmbnItfmSpIqSn a¡bnte¡v Xncn¨p. At¸mgpw apÉowIÄ Hcp iànbà F¶ [mcWbmWv a¡¡mÀ¡v DWvSmbncp¶Xv. \_nbpw A\pbmbnIfpw a¡¡p kao]w XmhfaSn¨ thfbn Ahsc clkyam¡n \nco£n¡m³ sN¶ a¡³ t\Xmhmb A_qkp^ym³ apÉnw tbm²m¡fpsS ssIIfneIs¸«p. Ahct±lt¯mSv am\yambn s]cpamdpIbpw At±ls¯ hn«b¡pIbpw sNbvXp. \_nbpsS kz`mhalna Iv BIrjvS\mb A_qkp^y³ CÉmw kzoIcn¨p.

\_nbpw klNc·mcpw a¡bn {]thin¨t¸mÄ Ahsc FXnÀ¡m\mcpapWvSmbnÃ. At±ls¯bpw A\pNc·mtcbpw {Iqcambn aÀ±n¡pIbpw P·\m«n \n¶pw ]pd¯m¡pIbpw sNbvX B ]«W\nhmknIÄ {]hmNI³ F´psN¿psa¶dnbmsX At±l¯n\p ap¼n BImw£tbmSpw `oXntbmSpw IqsS \n¶p. At¸mÄ Ahsc A`nkwt_m[\ sNbvXpsImWvS {]hmNI³ ]dªp. ‘bqk^v\_n (A) Xsâ ktlmZc³amtcmSv ]dªXpt]mse C¶v Rm\pw CXm \n§tfmSv ]dbp¶p. C¶p \n§fpsS t]cn IpÁsam¶panÃ. \n§Ä kzX{´cmWv. a¡m hnPbt¯mSpIqSn {]hmNI³ Atd_ymbnse A\ntj[y`cWm[nImcnbmbn. a¡bnse tZhmebamb IAv_ kµÀin¨ tijw At±lw X\n¡`bw \ÂInb aZo\bnte¡p Xs¶ Xncn¨p t]mIpIbmWv sNbvXXv.

lnPvd 10þmw hÀjw {]hmNI³ a¡bnte¡v hoWvSpw XoÀ°mS\¯n¶v t]mbn. B lÖv thfbn Hcp e£t¯mfw hcp¶ A\pbmbnIsf A`nkwt_m[\ sNbvXpsImWvSv At±lw ]dª hm¡pIÄ {it²b§fmWv.

‘a\pjytc! Fsâ hm¡pIÄ {i²n¨p tIÄ¡pI. Cs¡mïn\ptijw Cu Øe¯psh¨v \n§sf ImWm³ km[n¡ptam CÃtbm Fs¶\n¡dnhnÃ. a\pjytc, \n§fpsS Cu \m«n\pw Cu amk¯n\pw Cu Zn\¯n\pw GXp{]Imcw \n§Ä BZchv I¸n¡p¶pthm, AtX {]Imcw \n§fpsS \mY\pambn IWvSpap«pw htc¡pw A`nam\hpw [\hpw ]ckv]cw It¿dp¶Xv \n§Ä¡nXm \njn²am¡nbncn¡p¶p. HmÀ¯ncn¡pI. \n§Ä ]ng¨v ]ckv]cw Igp¯psh«m³ apXnccpXv. \n§fpsS \mY\pambn \n§Ä IWvSpap«pw. At¸mÄ \n§fpsS {]hÀ¯\§sf¡pdn¨v Ah³ \n§sf tNmZyw sN¿pw. AÚm\Ime¯v \S¶ Poh\mi§Ä¡pÅ FÃm {]XnImc\S]SnIsfbpw Rm\nXm ZpÀºes¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶p. a\pjytc, \n§fpsS ssZhw GI\mWv. \n§sfÃmhcpsSbpw ]nXmhpw GI³ Xs¶. \n§sfÃmhcpw BZan \n¶pw P\n¨p. BZw a®nÂ\n¶pw. \n§fn sh¨v PohnX¯n IqSpX kq£vaXbpÅh\mtcm Ah\s{X AÃmlphn¦Â GÁhpw am\y³. Ad_n¡v A\d_ntb¡mtfm, A\d_n¡v Ad_ntb¡mtfm bmsXmcp t{ijvSXbpanÃ. t{ijvSX¡SnØm\w PohnX¯nepÅ kq£vaXbt{X. \n§Ä JpÀB³ ASnØm\am¡ns¡mWvSv Pohn¡p¶ Imea{Xbpw \n§Ä hgn]ng¡pIbnÃ. AÃmlphnsâ {KÙas{X AXv. P\§sf! kXyhnizmknIÄ ]ckv]cw ktlmZc§fmWv. Xsâ ktlmZcsâ kwXr]vXntbmSpIqSnbÃmsX Ahsâ [\w IcØam¡phm³ HcmÄ¡pw ]mSnÃ. AÚm\Imes¯ ]eni CS]mSpIsfÃmw Rm\nXm ZpÀºes¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶p. B C\¯n H¶maXmbn Rm³ ZpÀºes¸Sp¯p¶Xv Fsâ ]nXrhy³ Aºmkn\v In«m\pÅ ]enibmWv. a\pjytc! \n§tfmSv \n§fpsS ]Xv\namÀ¡pÅ t]mse Xs¶, \n§Ä¡v AhtcmSpw Nne _m²yXIÄ DWvSv. \n§Ä kv{XoItfmSv \à \ne¡v s]cpamdns¡mÅpI. AÅmlphnsâ Hcp Aam\s¯¶ \ne¡mWv Ahsc \n§Ä GsÁSp¯ncn¡p¶Xv. \n§fpsS `rXysc {i²n¡pI. \n§Ä `£n¡p¶Xv Xs¶ AhÀ¡pw `£n¡m³ sImSp¡pI. a\pjytc, F\n¡v tijw Hcp \_nbpw hcm\nÃ. AXpsImWvSv {i²tbmsS tIÄ¡pI. \n§fpsS \mYsâ ]cpip²ldan h¶v lÖv sN¿pI. \n§fpsS taem[nImcnIsf A\pkcn¡pI. At¸mÄ \n§fpsS \mYsâ kzÀ¤¯n {]thin¡mw.’ {]kwK¯nsâ Ahkm\¯n B h¼n¨ P\kaqls¯ A`napJoIcn¨psImWvSv AhnSp¶v tNmZn¨p. ‘\n§tfmSv ssZhk¶n[nbn sh¨v Fs¶¡pdn¨v tNmZn¡s¸Spw. At¸mÄ F´mWv \n§Ä ]dbpI?.’P\kaqlw Htc kzc¯n adp]Sn \ÂIn. ‘A§p¶v AÃmlphnsâ ktµiw R§sf Adnbn¡pIbpw A§bpsS FÃm _m[yXIfpw \ndthÁpIbpw sNbvXn«pWvSv F¶v R§Ä adp]Sn \ÂIpw.’ At¶cw BImit¯¡v I®pw ssI¿pw DbÀ¯nsImWvSv AhnSp¶v {]mÀ°n¨p. ‘AÃmlpth \o km£yw hlnt¡Wta! AÃmlpth \o km£yw hlnt¡Wta!’ C§s\ aq¶p{]mhiyw BhÀ¯n¨v {]mÀ°n¨psImWvSv {]kwKw Ahkm\n¸n¨p.

Cu kab¯v AÃmlphnÂ\n¶pw am\hIpe¯n\pÅ A\p{Klamb CÉmans\ ]qÀ¯oIcn¨Xmbn Adnbn¡p¶ ssZhoI ktµiw AhXcn¨p. ‘Cu Znhkw \n§fpsS aXs¯ \n§Ä¡p Rm³ ]qÀ¯oIcn¨p XcnIbpw Fsâ A\p{Kls¯ \n§fn ]qÀ®am¡pIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p. CÉmans\ \n§fpsS aXambn Rm³ Xr]vXns¸SpIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p.’ (JpÀB³ 15:4). CtXmSpIqSn {]hmNIXzw ]qÀ¯nbmbn. B[p\nIIme¯v amÀ¤ZÀiI {KÙambn JpÀB³ \ne\n¡p¶p. AXv AÃmlp Xs¶ kwc£n¡psa¶v JpÀB\n ]dªn«pWvSv. C\nsbmcp {]hmNIt\m thZ{KÙtam hcm\nÃ. temImhkm\w htc¡pÅ amÀ¤ZÀiI{KÙamWv JpÀB³.

hnShm§Â {]kwK¯n\v tijw 3 amkta \_n (k) Pohn¨pffp. ln. 12þmwhÀjw d_n D AÆp 12þmw Xn¿Xn Xn¦fmgvN {]hmNI³ A´cn¨p. At±l¯nsâ amÀ¤ZÀi\w A\pkcn¨v Pohn¡m\pw A§ns\pohnX hnPbw t\Sphm\pw ]ctemI¯v At±lt¯msSm¸w Pohn¡m\pw ssZhw \s½ A\p{Kln¡s«.

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